Discover / Theodore Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch
Save a National Treasure
REGION: Midwest
Near Medora, ND
TYPE: Landscape
Theodore Roosevelt first came to North Dakota in 1883 to hunt buffalo. | Photo: Dickinson State University
Theodore Roosevelt first came to North Dakota in 1883 to hunt buffalo. | Photo: Dickinson State University
Protect the beauty and serenity of the historic place that inspired one of the greatest conservationists in presidential history.


Theodore Roosevelt hunted, ran cattle, and explored this expansive ranch in the rugged North Dakota Badlands in the late 19th century. It was here that the 26th president of the United States developed a deep appreciation for the American West and for conservation. Unfortunately, the serenity of the ranch, which lies on both sides of the Little Missouri River, is threatened by a proposed bridge that would introduce a visual disruption, as well as traffic, noise, and dust. In addition, the site is threatened by the potential development of private mineral rights that are scattered throughout the Elkhorn Ranchlands. An owner of a portion of those rights has proposed a gravel mine pit on a ridge within the Ranchlands and the view shed of the Elkhorn Ranch Unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park.

National Significance

As early as the 1880s, Roosevelt witnessed the environmental degradation in the Badlands wrought by overgrazing and overhunting, an experience that led directly to the development of his influential conservation beliefs. Today, incompatible development imperils the Elkhorn Ranch landscape. Similar development threatens countless historic places on public lands across the country.

Campaign Goals

  • Promote a bridge location that will not harm the ranch and the surrounding landscape.
  • Provide long-term protection to Elkhorn Ranch from incompatible development.

Ways To Help

Donate to our campaign to save Theodore Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch.

Tell us why Theodore Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch matters to you.

Posted on September 09, 2014

Jenny BuddenborgWritten by Jenny Buddenborg, Project ManagerTeddy Bear Cartoon

The origin of the Teddy Bear is distinctly tied to our 26th President Theodore Roosevelt. He is indeed the namesake.

Roosevelt first visited the North Dakota Badlands in 1883 on a hunting trip, and immediately developed a deep appreciation for the stunning, serence landscape that would become his Elkhorn Ranch. Several years later in 1902, he would find himself on another hunting trip, this time in Mississippi. According to the Theodore Roosevelt Association, Roosevelt was dismayed that he had not sighted bears like others in his party. In response, the hunting guides found an old black bear and tied him to a tree. Roosevelt refused to shoot it because it was unsporstmanlike, but he did request that it be put down because it was injured. Political cartoonist Clifford Berryman took advantage of ths situation and came up with the cartoon you see here that was printed in the Washington Post. Thus began Roosevelt's tie to bears.

The plush toy animal that we are all familiar with as the teddy bear sprung from the Washington Post cartoon. Morris Michtom, a Brooklyn, New York, candy store owner, capitalized on the media by placing two toy bears made by his wife in his shop window and called them "Teddy's Bears." They became so popular that Michtom began to mass produce them, leading him to form the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company.

If you visit the Hotel Colorado in Glenwood Springs, where Roosevelt stayed twice during his presidency, you'll hear a different story that claims the teddy bear originated at this historic hotel in the beautiful Coloraodo Rockies. But the Mississippi hunting trip is the true one. Nevertheless, teddy bears have had staying power, as has Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch legacy, so much so that September 9th marks National Teddy Bear Day.

Please check back often for additional updates on the Elkhorn Ranch. Also, donate today to support the National Trust's ongoing work at this National Treasure. 

Posted on July 30, 2014

Jenny BuddenborgWritten by Jenny Buddenborg, Project ManagerElkhorn Ranch Horseback Ride

Visiting Theodore Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch on horseback is an ideal way to experience the landscape referred to by many as the "cradle of conservation." It was the way our 26th president Theodore Roosevelt travelled across the North Dakota Badlands, soaking in his passion for outdoor adventure, natural history and, ultimately, conservation.

In mid-July, National Trust for Historic Preservation President Stephanie Meeks and Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt IV visited this storied landscape on horseback. They were joined by CBS correspondent Mo Rocca for the taping of a CBS Sunday Morning story on the legacy of the Elkhorn Ranch, a National Treasure and 2012 11 Most Endangered Historic Places site of the National Trust. While much of the landscape retains the same serenity and beauty as during Roosevelt's time, those very qualities that spoke to Roosevelt are now threatened by oil, gas and other minerals development that mark the terrain.

It was remarkable to hear Ted Roosevelt's family stories and share the experience of visiting his great grandfather's former ranch home. Building greater public awareness of the importance of the Elkhorn Ranch to our nation's history and the threats that face this legacy is paramount to successfully protecting it for generations to come. The key is to find balance between resource extraction and conservation. As Roosevelt said, "I recognize the right and duty of this generation to develop and use the natural resources of our land; but I do not recognize the right to waste them, or to rob, by wasteful use, the generations that come after us."

Please check back often for additional updates on the Elkhorn Ranch. Also, donate today to support the National Trust's ongoing work at this National Treasure.

Posted on June 15, 2014

David FordWritten by David Ford, Team Member

Photographs, literature and testimonials can tell you a lot about a place and its historical significance, but nothing beats visiting in person. While I’ve been a member of the Elkhorn Ranch National Treasure team since its inception, I recently made my first trip to the North Dakota Badlands to visit the city of Medora, Theodore Roosevelt National Park, and Elkhorn Ranch.

On an evening flight to Dickinson, ND, I was surprised by the number of folks aboard the aircraft. While I anticipated a small prop plane, I traveled on an Embraer jet that carried over 50 passengers to the swiftly growing town with a population of 25,000. A young man in his mid-20s seated next to me shared that he works in the oil fields. He left his wife and two children behind for a work assignment in the area which is booming because of the abundant Bakken Shale.

I was greeted upon my arrival by our project team lead, Jenny Buddenborg. While the skies were dark and didn’t provide a glimpse of the landscape, the ride from Dickinson to Medora was fairly desolate. It wasn’t too far down the road when we came across the first drilling site.  As we headed towards our destination, gas flares and towering flames littered the landscape magnifying the impact of the state’s oil and gas industry.

As the sun rose the next morning, I was greeted by the magnificent landscape of the Badlands and Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The trip to the Elkhorn Ranch Unit was amazingly beautiful but I was taken aback byO&G Truck Traffic the number of well pads that extended off the beaten path. While I expected oil and gas activity, I quickly lost count of the well pads given the sheer magnitude of the drilling sites and the numerous 18 wheeler oiler tankers on the dirt roadways that negatively impacted my experience. While visiting a landowner who provided a tour of his property overlooking the Elkhorn Ranch, he highlighted the drilling activity that is industrializing and polluting the landscape. If a surface landowner does not have subsurface mineral rights ownership, the owners of those mineral rights can set up shop on the land above and begin drilling, even if the surface landowner opposes it. Hearing the testimony of an affected rancher truly impacted me and literally brought a tear to my eyes. While this activity is not unlawful, it’s simply disheartening. 

I look forward to our critical work to protect the landscape of this important National Treasure.  

Please check back often for additional updates on the Elkhorn Ranch. Also, donate today to support the National Trust's ongoing work at this National Treasure.

Posted on March 21, 2014

Jenny BuddenborgWritten by Jenny Buddenborg, Project Manager

In early March, the North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC) unanimously voted to approve a policy that identifies extraordinary places in North Dakota, including Theodore Roosevelt’s Elkhorn Ranch, but that provides no assurance that such places will be protected from incompatible oil and gas development. What started as a robust rules amendment proposed by North Dakota Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem—one of the three NDIC commissioners—ultimately turned into a watered-down version of a list of places that may or may not be given additional consideration in the State’s drilling permit process.

While the National Trust for Historic Preservation is pleased that the NDIC recognizes the importance of the Elkhorn Ranch by identifying it as an “extraordinary place,” we are dismayed that the state of North Dakota missed an opportunity to provide greater stewardship to the natural and cultural places that make it so unique. We and our partners will continue to look for opportunities to collaborate with the State to ensure that the Elkhorn Ranch maintains its integrity for future generations to enjoy.

Please check back often for additional updates on the Elkhorn Ranch. Also, donate today to support the National Trust's ongoing work at this National Treasure.


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jacob on November 11, 2013
theodore rooselvelt is my great great great great great uncle
Sandra Chesrown on October 11, 2013
Although I live in Arlington, VA, I grew up in North Dakota. My grandfather ranched near the Elkhorn at the time of TR, before moving to our current ranch outside Bismarck (The Horsehead). If you need any professional help, I am a member of the NTHP and a certified urban planner with a specialty in historic preservation - worked with the CO Savings Places network before moving to VA. I would be happy to work in ND as a professional volunteer to save the Elkhorn's viewshed. (
Alexis Taylor on October 03, 2013
Learning about TR, he is amazing, a wonderful president. Love learning about Elkhorn Ranch, would love to visit.
Jim Fuglie on June 06, 2012
The Elkhorn Ranch site is a tiny, remote spot in one of America's most remote landscapes, surrounded by a million acres of Badlands, mostly free from development, as natural as it was 125 years ago when Theodore Roosevelt lived and ranched here, developed his conservation ethic, and went on to become our greatest conservation president. On a crisp January day years ago, my wife Lillian and I sat on a giant fallen cottonwood log here and felt the spirit of Theodore Roosevelt all around us. We return each year to thank him for his vision and his gift to future generations.
Jenny B. on June 06, 2012
My first trip to Elkhorn Ranch was also my first trip to North Dakota. I expected something similar to the South Dakota Badlands, but the North Dakota Badlands were like nothing I had ever seen before. Pure, rugged beauty. Looking out at the Little Missouri River from the ranch site, I could easily feel what drew Theodore Roosevelt back to the place over and over again, and how that feeling cemented his cause for conservation.

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